International Information Centre for Balkan Studies

OSCE against dismissal of BiH election watchdog members

January 21, 2023

Any dismissal of the members of Bosnia’s Central Election Commission that is not in accordance with the law is unacceptable, OSCE Office in BiH told N1 regarding the announcements coming from the parties that make up the new majority at the state level.  

“The appointment procedure of the CEC members is clearly prescribed by the BiH Election Law. Any illegal procedure in that sphere would violate the very foundations of democracy, and is therefore unacceptable,” the OSCE told N1.

They noted that the implementation of elections is a complex and sensitive process, which requires the CEC, political parties, the judiciary, police agencies and the media to work professionally and with integrity.

“All functional democratic societies have control mechanisms at their disposal, whereby the competencies of each institution must be respected. Therefore, political parties and leaders are obliged to respect the commitment of the CEC to preserve the integrity and fairness of the electoral process, and to generally respect the important role and work of this institution,” the OSCE said.

Finally, this organisation said that they are glad to hear that the coalition negotiations are making progress at all levels and that they hope for a quick outcome.

The centre-right Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) and Croat Democratic Union (HDZ BiH) have been expressing dissatisfaction with the work of the CEC since the appointment of new members of this institution, and they have repeatedly said that the members were allegedly not appointed in accordance with the law.

Source:  https://n1info.ba/english/news/osce-against-dismissal-of-bih-election-watchdog-members/

Economist warns of rejection of EU ultimatum

January 23, 2023

The European Union handed Belgrade and Pristina an undisclosed ultimatum which is the result of years of frustation in EU-Serbia relations, Serbian-American economist Branko Milanovic wrote on Monday.

“The current EU ultimatum, delivered three days ago, to Serbia and Kosovo, whose exact content is unpublished (at the request of the EU delegation) is the result of more than 20 years of frustrations in the relations between EU and Serbia (and also between EU and Kosovo). The essential reason are disappointed expectations. EU has less and less to offer to Serbia and other non-members simply because the membership cannot any longer be promised with any credibility and all other advantages are small. So, the EU can only offer sticks. No carrots. And in Serbia, the support for the EU membership is now consistently below 50%,” Milanovic wrote on his blog.

He said that the EU reminds him of high-school bullies forcing kids to do what they want.

“That’s how the EU comes to Serbia today. … We do not know the text of the ultimatum, but it does not take great imagination to realize that threats must range from the suspension of EU negotiations, elimination of EU support funds, reintroduction of visas, discouragement of EU investors, to possibly additional financial sanctions, ban on long-term lending by the European banks, EBRD and possibly the World Bank and the IMF, and for the very end elements of a true embargo and perhaps seizure of assets,” he wrote.

“The question then becomes: can the country survive such sanctions that may last from five to ten to twenty years? Perhaps even longer,” Milanovic wrote… “One needs to be clear on that fact: rejection (of the ultimatum) means loss for 99% of people to provide some, perhaps illusory, protection for 1%,” he said.

He warned that this would stimulate nationalism, with Russia lending its support to keep the West busy and not focused on Ukraine. “There would be thus an explosion of nationalism. … This would divide the public. Although currently all parties are in favor of the rejection of the ultimatum, and the pro-European parties, having been cheated by Europe many times, have taken a strongly anti-acceptance stance, seemingly stronger than the government, it is likely though that after a few years, the body public would seriously split between the “party of rejection” and the supporters of new negotiations with the EU,” he added and warned that the divisions could result in civil war.

“Since the West would have very few friendly parties to negotiate with in Serbia, and since Serbia is surrounded by NATO members, even a formal occupation of the country by NATO cannot be excluded,” he said.

“The longer the situation lasts, the weaker would be the bargaining position of Serbia,” he said.

Milanovic recalled that Serbia rejected similar ultimatums in 1914, 1941 and in 1999. “These are the antecedents one should keep in mind. They are not very cheerful,” Milanovic said.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/economist-warns-of-rejection-of-eu-ultimatum/

Dacic-CSM a prerequisite for talks on solution between Belgrade, Pristina

January 23, 2023

Serbian Foreign Affairs Minister Ivica Dacic said that the Community of Serb Municipalities (CSM) is the essence of the Brussels Agreement, that it is not envisaged as a non-governmental organization and that Serbia will insist on its formation, as a prerequisite for talks on a political plan or proposal for a solution between Belgrade and Pristina.

“What is noticeable is that, regardless of whether there are any differences between countries or international organizations regarding the dialogue, they now acted in unison, as a single group of five, and spoke with the President of Serbia,“ Dacic told Happy TV.

What would happen if Serbia did not agree to the offered plan for normalization of relations between Serbia and Kosovo is what will be discussed on Monday, said Dacic, adding that Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic is supported by the state leadership, the Serbian Government and by the entire governing coalition.

The Minister said that, in situations like this, political and state unity is of utmost importance for vital state and national interests, and that some opposition parties would back everything that is requested.

“Then there is also the other part of the opposition that plays a negative role in its own way, encourages the drums of war when it is not the time for it. The most important thing is to continue the dialogue wisely and decisively, with the clear goal that we want to be a part of the modern world, we want into the European Union and we want economic growth,” said Dacic.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/dacic-csm-a-prerequisite-for-talks-on-solution-between-belgrade-pristina/

Vucic gets “absolute and unequivocal support” from SNS local boards

January 23, 2023

The local board of the ruling Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) in the city of Novi Sad said Monday that, “at one of the most important moments in Serbia’s recent history,” it is giving its full support to Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic in the pursuit of a policy that will ensure final peace in Kosovo and Metohija and, “at the same time, protect the Serb people and holy places from further pogrom.” (Kosovo and Metohija is the official name for what the Serbian authorities consider to be the country’s southern province). Following Vucic’s statement that he was prepared to resign, the SNS Belgrade Board said it is giving its “absolute and unequivocal support” to its leader Vucic to “continue his battle for a modern, strong and stable Serbia.”

“The Novi Sad progressives call on all actors on the Serbian political scene to stand under the same flag and show unity at this critical moment, when Serbia and its President are being pressured from all sides with unbelievable blackmail, which will demonstrate to the world how much the southern province means to the Serbian people,“ said an SNS press release.

It stressed that “the battle for peace and Serbia’s territorial integrity led by President Vucic” is the greatest national interest and that he must not fight this battle alone.

The SNS Novi Sad Board added that the issue of Kosovo and Metohija must not be used by political parties in their daily bickering, and that they will not even consider the possibility of Vucic’s withdrawal from office “which is advocated by some who want to take his place and hand over Kosovo and Metohija to those who are stealing it from us.”

“The policy represented by President Vucic is a policy of peace, prosperity, stability, a policy that is developing our Belgrade, building Serbia, representing us in the best light everywhere in the world, a policy that thinks and works only in the interests of citizens. Surrender is not an option. President, Belgrade is with you,“ said the SNS Belgrade Board.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/vucic-gets-absolute-and-unequivocal-support-from-sns-local-boards/

Pink TV-Vucic prepared to withdraw

January 22, 2023

Serbian President and leader of the ruling Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) Aleksandar Vucic told his associates that he is prepared to withdraw, Pink TV posted on its portal, adding that, following an emotional address to his party colleagues, Vucic left the SNS headquarters in New Belgrade, as did the chairman of the SNS Executive Board Darko Glisic.

According to Pink, Vucic informed his party’s leadership about the West’s pressures on Serbia regarding Kosovo, and then left.

“We learn that some party officials tried to play smart, saying that we absolutely shouldn’t accept further negotiations with the European Union (EU) and US,” said Pink on its portal.

Citing unnamed sources, Pink reported that Vucic “patiently listened to everything and then said he will withdraw if someone thinks they can do better and that they know better.”

He said that “if the people refuse negotiations and if someone thinks that we should economically destroy the country, he would let those smarter than him lead the country,” reported Pink.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/pink-tv-vucic-prepared-to-withdraw/

Djilas-Our policy towards Kosovo is dialogue

January 22, 2023

For me, it would really be a crime for someone to recognize the independence of Kosovo, but it would also be a crime for someone to deny our children and Serbia a European future, the leader of the Party of Freedom and Justice, Dragan Djilas, said Sunday, adding that this year he expects new elections at all levels, except for the presidency.

„Let’s see what is written in that Franco-German proposal, if it gives a European future to Serbia without the recognition of Kosovo and if it enables further normalization of relations, if all that is so, then we would be ready to vote for it,“ Djilas told Prva TV.

The essence is not to strengthen the position of Aleksandar Vucic in those negotiations, but the position of Serbia, Djilas noted.

He repeated that it would be irresponsible for him to comment on the proposal for solving the Kosovo issue „which none of us has seen“.

“I expect it to be available to the citizens, to the parliament, to see what the proposal is. For us, there are red lines, which are the recognition of Kosovo and Kosovo’s membership in the UN,” Djilas said.

“Our policy towards Kosovo is to enable our children and generations to come to go to Decane, Gazimestan, Gracanica. Our policy is conversation and dialogue, although it is difficult to conduct such a dialogue with Albin Kurti,” Djilas concluded.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/djilas-our-policy-towards-kosovo-is-dialogue/

Serbian PM-Nothing regarding Kosovo will be decided without the people

January 22, 2023

Serbian Prime Minister, Ana Brnabic, stated, regarding the situation in Kosovo, that the government is not hiding anything and that nothing will be decided without the citizens. 

„It’s important for us to continue to fight for a strong Serbia in every aspect. We will communicate everything openly and transparently with our people, we will make all difficult decisions with our people, and we will bear all the responsibility,“ Brnabic told Pink TV. 

According to her, since the Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) has been in power, everything has been done transparently, but when addressing the people Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic, „seems to moderate“. 

„Vucic is often much more direct and explicit when he defends Serbia’s interests in closed meetings, behind closed doors, than when he says what he was saying,“ Brnabic said. 

The Prime Minister accused the opposition that their negative reactions to the government’s moves to resolve the Kosovo issue show that they „start from themselves and from how they worked“. 

  She added that the citizens will once again be able to hear Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić talk about the talks he had with international negotiators, and that economic growth will also be discussed at the government meeting, to which Vučić is also invited, tomorrow. 

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/serbian-pm-nothing-regarding-kosovo-will-be-decided-without-the-people/ 

Opposition reacts to Vucic’s willingness to accept Kosovo agreement concept

January 21, 2023

Former Serbian President Boris Tadic estimated that the offered agreement to resolve the status of Kosovo can enable Kosovo's membership in the UN, even if this is not explicitly stated in the text itself. He added that it is unacceptable for the President to express his readiness to accept the agreement without consulting the competent institutions. A similar problem was pointed out by the Dveri movement and the NADA coalition. Dveri asked for an urgent Assembly session, where MPs would be informed about the content of the agreement. The leader of the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina, Bojan Kostres, is currently the only one who asked the President of Serbia to sign the French-German plan for Kosovo. 

„As far as I’m aware of the agreement that is being offered, I once again publicly point out that such an agreement may indeed enable Kosovo’s membership in the UN, even if it is not explicitly stated in the text itself,“ Tadic Tweeted.

According to him, the German proposal that was brought by the then-German Chancellor Angela Merkel during his term of office „was nowhere near as dangerous for the preservation of the territorial integrity of Serbia as this agreement.“

The leader of the People’s Party, Vuk Jeremic, wrote on Twitter that „‘accepting the concept of the agreement,’ which implies that Serbia agrees with the international equality of ‘Kosovo’, is an extremely dangerous step. From that, Pristina’s seat in the UN can be reached overnight, even if that is not Vucic’s intention. It is tragic that he didn’t write to Moscow and Beijing“.

The Dveri Movement requested the urgent convening of a session of the Serbian Parliament, where President Vucic would inform the deputies of the details of the Franco-German plan for Kosovo „as well as the dangers and challenges that would be placed before Serbia if it does not accept that proposal“.

The NADA coalition, consisting of the New DSS and POKS, asked the President of Serbia to urgently inform the citizens about the content of the so-called Franco-German agreement, that is, the EU plan for Kosovo.

President Vucic was asked on the basis of which powers and which decisions of the competent authorities did he assume the obligation, meaning, express the readiness for Serbia to accept the concept and to work on the implementation of the proposed agreement?

The leader of the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina, Bojan Kostres, is currently the only one who asked the President to sign the French-German plan for Kosovo.

Kostres asked Vucic to stop playing with the future of the citizens of Serbia and to stop leading an indecisive policy, but to save Serbia from new sanctions, economic decline and destruction.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/opposition-reacts-to-vucics-willingness-to-accept-kosovo-agreement-concept/

Vucevic-Vucic was presented with consequences of not accepting agreement

January 21, 2023

Serbian Defence Minister Milos Vucevic told RTS on Saturday that international mediators not only reiterated the Franco-German platform for further talks during Friday's meeting with Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic but also that the President said he was presented with the consequences of not accepting the proposed agreement. "Nothing nice is being offered to us here, and difficult decisions are expected," said Vucevic. 

Speaking about the Friday meeting between President Vucic and international mediators, Vucevic told RTS that he understood the President’s message that he was presented what the consequences of not accepting the agreement proposal as the basis of the agreement between Pristina and Belgrade.

„What was presented to the President, as I understood it in yesterday’s conversation that I attended when the President informed the Patriarch and a large number of bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church about some current issues, and it was nothing pleasant for the citizens of Serbia, so great challenges lie ahead. Nothing is being offered to us here, and difficult decisions are expected,“ Vucevic said.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/vucevic-vucic-was-presented-with-consequences-of-not-accepting-agreement/

Croatian President slams EU’s treatment of Hungary and sanctions against Russia

January 20, 2023

President Zoran Milanovic on Friday criticised the European Union's treatment of Hungary and the sanctions against Russia, calling the sanctions "a disaster and total nonsense."

Part of the EU cohesion funds for Hungary have been frozen. In order to hold back the funds, the EU has applied the Rule of Conditionality for the first time in its history.

“I see this as one of the most acute problems. Without any clear criteria, according to the logic of the right of the stronger in deciding on money matters, and that is a key issue. The Hungarian ruling party Fidesz has a certain policy, and that policy is somewhat right-wing, but it is European,” Milanovic said at a joint press conference with Hungarian President  Katalin Novák.

Speaking about EU sanctions against Russia due to the war in Ukraine, Milanovic said that “the sanctions are a disaster and total nonsense.”

“They aren’t working and it’s a question of how much damage it will cause to Europe. In addition, we have brought Russia and China closer together,” Milanovic claimed.

Novák said that the Croatian president is “liked far and wide” and that he “acts bravely on the European stage.” She added that Milanovic is her first “foreign guest” since she was elected in March 2022.

President Milanovic will later meet with Prime Minister Viktor Orban, and on Saturday he will attend the official opening of the European Year of Culture in Vesprim.

Prior to arriving in Hungary, Milanovic said for himself that he was “one of the few people in Europe who dare to go” to Hungary and that Brussels bureaucrats were “horribly terrorising” the country.

Milanovic said that today Hungary is being punished while in the future that could befall a bigger country, citing the example of Poland, which was “a thorn in Brussels’ side.” That changed however after the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

“The European project is magnificent and beautiful, it prevented warfare, made prosperity possible, it is economically successful, but we have to free ourselves from the illusion that we are all equal because we are not. The EU cannot function according to an upright system where we will all behave like the bureaucracy in Brussels and its political mentors, but we will be open to differences. The right of the state to be run the way its people chooses is a key thing,” said Milanovic.

Brussels has frozen part of Hungary’s cohesion funds, accusing Prime Minister Orban’s government of disrespecting the rule of law. Hungary is the latest country to have a post-pandemic recovery plan approved by the European Commission.

Although Hungary has condemned Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, it is adamant that it won’t send weapons and claims that the war would come to an end if sending weapons to that country ceases.

The Hungarian president said that everyone agrees on several points, namely the condemnation of Russian aggression against Ukraine, the continuation of the European integration of the Western Balkans, the solution to the problem of the Europe-bound irregular migrations and the solution to the demographic crisis.

“Our position is that we condemn Russia’s aggression and attack on Ukraine, a sovereign independent state, and we supported its territorial integrity and sovereignty from the first moment. That is quite clear,” she said.

Ahead of the meeting with Orban, Milanovic said that it is more difficult for the Hungarian prime minister than it is for him because his powers are greater and that Hungary’s energy problems are greater because Hungary is highly dependent on Russian energy and poorly diversified.

President Novák too said that Budapest is looking for an opportunity for diversification and welcomed any solution that helps her country.

We are counting on Croatia as well, she said in this context.

Source:  https://n1info.ba/english/news/croatian-president-slams-eus-treatment-of-hungary-and-sanctions-against-russia/

UN's Ni Aolain-Issue of ultra-right extremism has not been resolved in Bosnia

January 20, 2023

The UN special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Fionnuale Ni Aolain, filed a report on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, expressing deep concern about “revisionism, denial, polarisation and institutional discourse that create space for the rise of violent extremism” and warning that “extremism leads to terrorism.”

“Bosnia and Herzegovina is a post-conflict society in a transition process. If the process of reconciliation, moving forward and commitment of the conflicting parties is not fully completed, we create conditions that produce and maintain violence in society. In this report, I pay special attention to the ways in which violence can occur, because it can occur in transitional societies. Post-conflict societies are extremely fragile and those that have not completed the transition process are societies that have a serious risk of new violence and violent extremism”, she was quoted as saying through a translator.

As a positive example for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ni Aolain said that there have been no terrorist attacks since 2016 and that Bosnia and Herzegovina is very low on the global index of the fight against terrorism, which is good for our society.

“This means that practical steps and security measures have been taken to prevent terrorism. The authorities have adopted a strategy for the fight against terrorism 2021-2026. It is necessary to resolve issues from the past in order to prevent terrorism,” she said.

In the past years, the UN expert stressed, the threat of citizens going to conflict zones and foreign battlefields, financing terrorism, and ethno-national extremism has been recognized.

“The issue of ultra-right extremism, which can undermine the integrity and functionality of the peace process, was not resolved. I call on governments at all levels to regulate the full spectrum of challenges we face, including far-right violent extremism. If we don't have functional authorities and the legacy of the past is not dealt with, conditions are created that lead to extremism,”, she said.

During her stay in Bosnia and Herzegovina, she visited several prison facilities, concluding that the country has a strong system in terms of rehabilitation and that there are experts who deal with the integration of prisoners into society, but that there is a lack of a probation system in BiH for people leaving prison.

She praised the authorities in the process of returning the Bosnian citizens from foreign battlefields, especially Syria in the part of reintegration of women and children, but also in the judicial prosecution of men who were on foreign battlefields.

“There is still a significant number of the Bosnian citizens in Syria. I call on the government to return its citizens. Every day that a child spends in these camps, it will be more and more difficult. The children did not choose to go there or to be born there,”, she was carried Ni Aolain.

Source:  https://n1info.ba/english/news/uns-ni-aolain-issue-of-ultra-right-extremism-has-not-been-resolved-in-bosnia/

Vucic-Readiness to accept the concept, reservations regarding one issue

January 20, 2023

Following his meeting with EU, US, French, German and Italian representatives, Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said that, in the coming days and weeks, he will hold consultations with members of the Government, Parliament and all other important groups in the society and that “we are ready to accept the concept and to work on the implementation of the proposed agreement,” and stressed that he voiced “all his concerns and showed reservations regarding one important issue, one very important thing.”

“Of course I can’t talk about that because the proposal is not public,” said Vucic following his meeting with European Union (EU) Special Representative for the Belgrade-Pristina dialogue Miroslav Lajcak, US Special Envoy for Western Balkans Gabriel Escobar, advisors to the German Chancellor and French President Jens Ploetner and Emmanuel Bonne and Italian Prime Minister’s diplomatic advisor Francesco Talo.

The Serbian President said “today’s was a very difficult, maybe the most difficult talk we ever had.”

“What we do agree on is that a frozen conflict is not a solution and that, when you have a frozen conflict, it is just a matter of time when someone will unfreeze it and irresponsible individuals will destroy the peace and stability of the entire Western Balkans,” he said.

Vucic said he had been “unequivocally presented with the problems and challenges that would be placed before our country if we failed to agree with the proposed plan.“

“Under these and such conditions, we asked the ‘four plus Lajcak’ to help all of us overcome the turbulence we are facing in Kosovo and Metohija and we believe that it is high time that the Community of Serb Municipalities (CSM) was formed, which was not just promised but also signed ten years ago. This is a matter of urgency, because only after that will talks and (the Kosovo Serbs’) return to (Kosovo) institutions be possible, and at least some kind of normalization of the situation,” said Vucic.

“There are no easy days ahead of us,” said Vucic, and announced “many difficult decisions.” He added that “people should know that there are no nice or sweet talks here.”

“The one thing I can say is that I really did my best to guard and protect Serbia, which I will continue to do for at least a while longer,” said the Serbian President.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/vucic-i-showed-reservations-regarding-one-issue-i-cant-say-which-one/

Lajcak-Vucic demonstrated a responsible approach, for us CMS is key

January 20, 2023

We had an intense, difficult but also an open talk, Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic demonstrated a responsible approach and the will to make difficult decisions in the interest of peace and Serbia’s European prospects, said European Union (EU) Special Representative for the Belgrade-Pristina dialogue Miroslav Lajcak following Vucic’s meeting with EU and US representatives.

Lajcak said the formation of the Community of Serb Municipalities in Kosovo is a key element for stability.

We are convinced that the plan we presented in September is the best way for the normalization of relations between Serbia and Kosovo and for the region’s European prospects, said Lajcak, adding that their work continues.

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic met Friday in Belgrade with EU, US, French, German and Italian representatives to discuss further steps in the process of normalizing relations with Pristina.

Vucic spoke with Miroslav Lajcak, US Special Envoy for Western Balkans Gabriel Escobar, advisors to the German Chancellor and French President Jens Ploetner and Emmanuel Bonne and Italian Prime Minister’s diplomatic advisor Francesco Maria Talo.

Lajcak, Escobar, Bonne, Ploetner and Talo came to Belgrade from Pristina, where they had talks with Kosovo Prime Minister Albin Kurti. Following the meeting with Kurti, Lajcak said that the EU-US team expected the Kosovo Prime Minister’s “better understanding” of the plan for the normalization of relations between Serbia and Kosovo.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/lajcak-vucic-demonstrated-a-responsible-approach-for-us-cms-is-key/

Serbian church elders-Vucic would not agree to Kosovo independence

January 20, 2023

Serbian Orthodox Church (SPC) elders said on Friday that the Serbian state leadership would not agree to anything that leads to the independence of Kosovo.

“The spiritual leader of the Orthodox Serbs and the bishops present repeated the clear and unequivocal stand of the church that Kosovo and Metohija is an integral and inalienable part of Serbia and that keeping it inside the borders of Serbia is a constitutional obligation and imperative for both the church and our state,” a statement issued after a saint’s day celebration said.

The SPC celebrates the feast of John the Baptist according to the Julian calendar. The celebration at the Patriarchate Palace in Belgrade was attended by President Aleksandar Vucic who told the bishops that he is due to meet with European and US envoys to discuss Kosovo.

The SPC statement said that the church will always support the Serbian state leadership’s efforts to keep Kosovo as a part of Serbia and maintain coexistence in peace and understanding for the entire population of Kosovo.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/serbian-church-elders-vucic-would-not-agree-to-kosovo-independence/

Lajcak expected better understanding in Pristina

January 20, 2023

European Union envoy Miroslav Lajcak said on Friday that he expected the authorities in Pristina to show better understanding of the EU proposal to resolve the Kosovo issue.

“We expected better understanding of the possibilities our proposal offers. It was a long, not an easy meeting, but a frank discussion. It is too early for me to make dramatic statements, as we are going to Belgrade next,” Lajcak said after a meeting with Prime Minister Albin Kurti.

Lajcak heads a group of European and American envoys – advisors to the German Chancellor and French President Jens Ploetner and Emmanuel Bonne, the Italian Prime Ministers diplomatic advisor Francesco Maria Talo and US envoy Gabriel Escobar.

Source:  https://n1info.rs/english/news/lajcak-expected-better-understanding-in-pristina/

isn eth zurichBSAdsNATOCentral and Eastern European Online LibraryEurActiv | European Union Information Website