International Information Centre for Balkan Studies

Slovenia logs 830 new coronavirus cases, 22 related deaths


December 13, 2020

Over the past 24 hours, Slovenia has registered 830 new coronavirus infections and 22 related deaths, and due to the difficult epidemiological situation restrictions have been extended to the next week, the Slovenian government said on Saturday.

According to the health ministry, 2,648 coronavirus tests have been performed, with 31.3% returning positive.

Currently, there are 1,315 COVID patients in hospitals, 39 more than on Saturday, and 201 of them are in intensive care units, eight more than the day before.

The COVID-19 death toll in Slovenia has increased to 2,063, which makes it one of the countries in Europe with the highest mortality rates.

Due to the epidemiological situation that remains severe despite strict measures, Janez Jansa's government said yesterday that the restrictions on the operation of non-essential shops and services would remain in place for another week.

Other strict restrictions will also remain in place next week, including the ban on socializing outside one's family, the curfew, and the ban on leaving one's municipality.

As of Saturday, several ski resorts have opened, but with restrictions in place and in a smaller capacity.

Hospitality and tourism establishments in ski resorts remain closed. However, skiing is not a sufficient reason to be allowed to leave one's place of residence, and a strict regime is in place on border crossings, so ski resorts cannot count on foreign visitors either.

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683033/Slovenia-logs-830-new-coronavirus-cases-22-related-deaths.html


Croatia's coronavirus update: 3,363 new cases, 78 deaths

December 13, 2020

Over the past 24 hours, Croatia has registered 3,363 new cases of the coronavirus infection and 78 related deaths, the national COVID-19 crisis management team said on Sunday.

Today, 2,864 COVID patients are being treated in hospitals, including 295 who are on ventilators.

The number of active COVID-19 cases in Croatia stands at 25,035.

There are currently 59,388 people in self-isolation. Since the start of the epidemic, a total of 175,886 people have contracted the novel virus, 2,640 of them have died, and 148,211 have recovered, including 3,520 in the last 24 hours.

To date, 882,282 people have been tested, 9,767 of them over the past 24 hours, the national COVID-19 management team said in its daily report.

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683031/Croatia-s-coronavirus-update-3-363-new-cases-78-deaths.html

Coronavirus UPDATE: 56 deaths, 4,995 newly infected in Serbia

December 13, 2020

According to Serbia’s Health Ministry’s data on Sunday, 56 patients died from COVID-19-related complications over the last 24 hours, bringing the total number of fatalities to 2,331, while out of 13,707 people tested since Friday, 4,995 were confirmed infected with the coronavirus.

A mortality rate was 0.87 percent, while out of 2,030,69 people tested,  266,432 were positive for the virus since the epidemic outbreak in March.

On Sunday, 8,801 patients were hospitalized, and 331 of them on ventilators.

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683071/Coronavirus-UPDATE-56-deaths-4-995-newly-infected-in-Serbia.html

Another 811 coronavirus cases, 33 COVID-19 fatalities reported in Bosnia

December 13, 2020

A total of 811 people tested positive for the coronavirus and 33 passed away due to COVID-19 in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the past 24 hours, healthcare authorities said on Sunday.

Of the 1,610 samples tested in Bosnia’s Federation (FBiH) entity, 699 were positive for the virus while 11 people died due to COVID-19.

In the other semi-autonomous entity, Republika Srpska (RS), the results for 110 of the 369 people tested came back positive and the disease claimed 20 lives since Saturday.

Bosnia’s Brcko District also registered two new coronavirus cases and two COVID-19 fatalities.

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683069/Another-811-coronavirus-cases-33-COVID-19-fatalities-reported-in-Bosnia.html

Montenegro reports four deaths, 478 newly infections with coronavirus

December 13, 2020

Podgorica' Health Institute said on Sunday that over the last 24 hours, four patients died from COVID19-related complications, while there were 478 new cases of the coronavirus among 1,416 tested people.

At the same time, 879 patients recovered.

The death toll stood at 582.

Source: http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683177/Montenegro-reports-four-deaths-478-newly-infections-with-coronavirus.html

Kosovo registers 462 new coronavirus cases and 12 COVID-19 fatalities

December 13, 2020

Of the 1,314 people tested for the coronavirus in Kosovo in the past 24 hours, 462 were positive, while 12 more people passed away due to COVID-19.

A total of 46,580 out of the 163,221 people tested for the virus since the beginning of the epidemic and 33,600 of them have recovered so far.

Kosovo’s COVID-19 death toll is now nearly 1,200.

There are currently 11,782 active coronavirus cases in Kosovo.

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683099/Kosovo-registers-462-new-coronavirus-cases-and-12-COVID-19-fatalities.html

North Macedonia registers 613 new coronavirus cases, 25 more COVID-19 fatalities

December 13, 2020

The Health Ministry of North Macedonia reported on Sunday that 613 people tested positive for the coronavirus and 25 passed away due to COVID-19 in the country in the past 24 hours.

A total of 1,837 samples were tested since the day before and the results for 33,37 percent of them came back positive. The COVID-19 death toll in North Macedonia is 2,121.

A total of 73,638 people tested positive for the virus in the country since the beginning of the epidemic and 49,414 recovered.

There are currently 22,103 active coronavirus cases in North Macedonia.

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683133/North-Macedonia-registers-613-new-coronavirus-cases-25-more-COVID-19-fatalities.html

Dodik: I trust Russia's COVID-19 vaccine more than those from the West

December 13, 2020

The Chairman of Bosnia’s tripartite Presidency and its Serb member, Milorad Dodik, said that he trusts Russia’s vaccine against COVID-19 more than those in the West and that he will discuss the procurement of the vaccine for Bosnia’s Republika Srpska (RS) entity with Russian Foreign Affairs Minister, Sergey Lavrov.

Lavrov is expected to arrive in Bosnia on Monday and meet with Bosnia’s Presidency members and Foreign Affairs Minister.

Dodik, who is the leader of the ruling party in the RS, said that the semi-autonomous Serb-majority entity will be among the first in line to procure the Russian vaccine.

He said he will personally opt for the Russian vaccine.

“I trust it, I don’t trust those commercial narratives that are coming from the West. This vaccine is being developed by a state,” he told the RS public broadcaster.

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683165/Dodik-I-trust-Russia-s-COVID-19-vaccine-more-than-those-from-the-West.html

Montenegrin Orthodox Church warns of efforts to re-annex Montenegro to Serbia

December 13, 2020

The canonically unrecognized Montenegrin Orthodox Church (CPC) called on political parties, non-governmental organizations, public, cultural and scientific workers and Montenegrin associations in the diaspora to stand in defense of the “dignity and independence” of their homeland, arguing that there is an ongoing effort to annex Montenegro to Serbia.

The state is under attack by forces that intend to take away its independence through amendments to the Law on Freedom of Religion which would provide a legal basis for 50 square kilometers of church land, 60 monasteries and 650 churches to be registered as the property of Serbia, the CPC said in a statement, as reported by Montenegro’s public broadcaster, RTCG.

The Montenegrin Church stressed that the final goal of this is to prepare the conditions for the re-annexation of Montenegro to Serbia and that Montenegrin associations in the diaspora should do everything in their power to make the international public aware of these efforts.

It urged the ruling parties in Montenegro to consider the extent of the consequences such legal changes would produce before voting for them. It also called on citizens to gather in front of the Parliament on the day when the adoption of the amendments to the Law on Freedom of Religion will be discussed to protest against "shameful occupation and treasonous proposal".

Source:  http://rs.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a683061/Montenegrin-Orthodox-Church-warns-of-efforts-to-re-annex-Montenegro-to-Serbia.html

Bosnia marks 25 years of Dayton Peace Agreement

December 14, 2020

The Dayton Peace Agreement which ended the 1992-95 Bosnian war was signed on this date 25 years ago in Paris.

The peace treaty put an end to the four-year bloody conflict and organised Bosnia and Herzegovina as a country of three constituent peoples and others, dividing it into two semi-autonomous entities – the Bosniak-Croat shared Federation (FBiH) and the Serb-majority Republika Srpska.

The main actors of the peace negotiations and the signing of the agreement were late President of what was then called the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Alija Izetbegovic, President of Croatia, Franjo Tudjman, and Serbia, Slobodan Milosevic.

All three states were created by the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

"This is not a just peace, but it is fairer than continuing the war. In a situation like this, and in the world as it is, a better peace could not have been achieved," Alija Izetbegovic said after the signing of the Dayton Agreement in Paris.

The final agreement was preceded by talks in the Dayton, Ohio, led by then US Secretary of State Warren Christopher and negotiator Richard Holbrooke, with representatives from the European Union. Those who witnessed the signing of the document in Parris included the senior officials of the USA, the UK, Germany, France, Spain and Russia.

Twenty-five years later, some foreign diplomats are raising the issue of the necessity to upgrade the Bosnia's Constitution, which is contained in the Dayton Peace Agreement, so the country can move forward as an equal member of the European community.

“The change is possible. It can happen within the Dayton system. Great progress was made during the first ten years and it can happen again in the years to come. Let's open a new chapter in 2021,” said High Representative Valentin Inzko, the international envoy overseeing the peace agreement's implementation.

“At the time the Dayton Accords were reached, we knew then that they represented a beginning, not an end. Reconciliation is not a finite process, it’s something you must begin again and again - day after day, year after year,” said Bill Clinton, the former US President, whose presidency was marked with the military intervention and subsequent peace negotiations in Bosnia as the most important achievements.

European Union foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, stressed the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina lies within the Union, but in order for that to come true, the political leadership of the country will have to take responsibility and enable the reforms that the country needs.

Source:  http://ba.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a495004/Bosnia-marks-25-years-of-Dayton-Peace-Agreement.html

UN Secretary-General: Hate Speech has no place in an inclusive, peaceful Bosnia

December 13, 2020

The anniversary of the Dayton Peace Agreement is an opportunity to “redouble our commitment to peace and reconciliation, sustainable development and human rights for all,” Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, said in a video message marking 25 years since Bosnia’s peace agreement was signed.

Guterres was among numerous international officials whose video messages were presented at a ceremony marking the anniversary at Sarajevo’s City Hall on Saturday.

The Dayton agreement “ended an intense conflict that was devastating lives and communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina,” he noted.

“Building a future of peace requires dealing with the past. It means acknowledging the horrific crimes that were committed during the war. These crimes should never be forgotten, nor should the ideology of the perpetrators be celebrated,” the UN Secretary-General said, adding that “Hate Speech or narratives of mistrust and fear have no place in an inclusive, peaceful Bosnia and Herzegovina.”

He stressed those political, religious and community leaders, educators, civil society, the media, as well as all the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina, “have a critical part to play in moving forward together from a difficult past.”

“This requires empathy, understanding and respect,” he added.

“As we face the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, let us come together to build a more just, green and resilient Bosnia and Herzegovina,” he said.

Guterres also had a message for Bosnia’s youth:

“No contribution will be as valuable as yours. Your work in building trust today will set the foundations for security and prosperity tomorrow,” he said, urging young people to “get involved and be agents for the change you want to see.”

“The UN will continue to work with all the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina for a peaceful sustainable future,” he concluded.

Source:  http://ba.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a494874/UN-Secretary-General-Hate-Speech-has-no-place-in-an-inclusive-peaceful-Bosnia.html

Associations ask Bosnia's intl. admin. to impose law banning genocide denial


December 13, 2020

The Germany-based Society for Threatened Peoples, together with associations of survivors and civil society organizations in Bosnia, appealed to Bosnia's international administrator, Valentin Inzko, to urgently impose a law that would ban genocide denial and the glorification of war criminals in the country.

Inzko is the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina and is overseeing the civilian implementation of the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement that ended the Bosnian war. He has the option to utilize the so-called ‘Bonn Powers’ - a special set of powers which allow him to, among other things, impose and annul laws or fire officials in Bosnia.

The appeal of the associations, supported by the Heinrich-Boll Foundation and former High Representative in the country, Christian Schwarz-Schilling, noted that their members organized protests last year when the Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded to Peter Handke, a genocide denier.

“Together with the Mothers of Srebrenica and the survivors of the concentration camps in Bosnia, who do not allow war crimes and genocide to be denied and forgotten, we expressed our indignation over the denial of genocide, which is widespread in Republika Srpska and Serbia,” the associations said, adding that genocide denial has “entered the discourse and mainstream at the European level and could inflict serious damage on post-war generations and young people around the world.”  

The search for more than 1,000 victims from Srebrenica is still ongoing and the locations of many more mass graves remain unknown, the associations said.

Facing the past and reconciliation are impossible in a country where institutions are named after war criminals, such as Radovan Karadzic, and provocative monuments are erected in “ethnically cleansed areas” in Bosnia’s Serb-majority Republika Srpska (RS) entity, they said.

They added that the continuous threats from Republika Srpska that it will secede are “unbearable and unacceptable.”

“The international community must oppose destabilization and secession and strongly condemn such efforts. Denial of genocide must be stopped before Bosnia and Herzegovina joins the European Union and joins NATO,” their appeal said.

The associations noted that the United States blacklisted the Serb member of Bosnia’s Presidency, Milorad Dodik, because of his "destructive policy" toward Bosnia and Herzegovina, but that EU countries did not follow suit, despite numerous appeals.

However, the associations welcomed the recent adoption of the Magnitsky Act in the European Union.

The Magnitsky Act is a law passed by the U.S. Congress in 2012 which allows the U.S. government to sanction all those it perceives as human rights offenders, freeze their assets and ban them from entering the U.S.

The adoption of a law banning genocide denial and glorification of war criminals in Bosnia would represent an even more important step for the country's stability and the future of future generations, they argued.

The associations said that MPs from Republika Srpska and Bosnia’s main Croat political party, the Croat Democratic Union (HDZ BiH) have been blocking the adoption of such a law in the Parliament and that there is no other way for it to pass other than using the Bonn powers.

“We are still convinced that peaceful coexistence between different peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina is possible. Before the war, Bosnia and Herzegovina had been a ‘small Europe’ which, thanks to its multi-religious, multicultural and multiethnic composition, could be an example to many countries around the world,” they said.

“Please, do not disappoint us,” the appeal concluded.

Source:  http://ba.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a494936/Associations-ask-Bosnia-s-intl.-admin.-to-impose-law-banning-genocide-denial.html


Schwarz-Schilling: Intl. community must help Bosnia change its Constitution

December 13, 2020

The Dayton Peace Agreement has turned Bosnia and Herzegovina into a country that is impossible to govern and the country needs help from the international community to change that, said Bosnia's former international administrator, Christian Schwarz-Schilling, at a ceremony that marked the 25th anniversary of the signing of the agreement.

Schwarz-Schilling served as the High Representative in Bosnia, tasked with overseeing the civilian implementation of the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement, between 2006 and 2007.

“A very complicated state structure, with several levels of government, was intended 25 years ago to safeguard the interests of the three largest ethnic groups in the country. In practice, however, Bosnia is stuck on a dead-end road. Ownership (policy) doesn’t work and the international community is not taking the necessary steps,” he said in a video message presented on Saturday during the ceremony at the Sarajevo City Hall.

The agreement needs to be changed as it was never meant to be a permanent solution but just a step toward the creation of a functioning country, he explained.

"However, this has proven to be impossible,” he said, adding that not one proposal for constitutional changes has reached the country’s parliament since 2006 because the leaders of the three major ethnic groups cannot reach an agreement.

Many citizens from Bosnia's Federation (FBiH) entity are seeking international help to change amend the agreement but any mention of this in the other semi-autonomous entity, Republika Srpska (RS), is usually met with resistance. Bosnian Serb leaders are scared of this idea because Republika Srpska was recognized in Dayton as a political entity, he argued, adding that "under no circumstances do they want to risk its (Republika Srpska's) existence being called into question."

The former High Representative said that Brussels and Berlin are closely following developments in the country and noted that German legal expert Reinhard Priebe said in his report, which was published last year, that Bosnia’s judiciary must be reformed.

However, this can be done only if the country’s Constitution is changed and to do that, Bosnia needs international support, he stressed.

“Bosnia needs a new policy,” in which the international community would play a more impactful role in the efforts to change the Dayton peace agreement, he said, adding that "Bosnia cannot do it alone. It is obvious it needs help."

"We, the international community, owe Bosnia and Herzegovina to do this, to help to change Dayton, to help more than in the last 15 years," he said, noting that the instruments to do this are all there and they only need to be used.

Source:  http://ba.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a494888/Schwarz-Schilling-Intl.-community-must-help-Bosnia-change-its-Constitution.html

US Special Rep. for Western Balkans to Bosnians: Hold your leaders accountable

December 13, 2020

In his statement to mark 25 years since the Dayton Peace Agreement was signed, U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary and Special Representative for the Western Balkans, Matthew Palmer, encouraged citizens to hold Bosnia’s political leaders accountable so the country can “realize the promised peace by fulfilling its Euro-Atlantic potential.”

Palmer’s video message was presented during a ceremony to mark the anniversary in Sarajevo’s City Hall on Saturday.

He said that the United States and its international partners “were proud to play a part in forging” the Dayton Peace Agreement, “but we recognize that it was the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina who made the definitive decision to build a future for itself, for the children and generations to come.”

The U.S. official called the anniversary a “milestone of peace,” adding that his country is “focused on the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina over the next 25 years.”

Bosnia has the opportunity to “realize the promised peace by fulfilling its Euro-Atlantic potential,” he stressed.

“This means an improved economy that provides the jobs needed to Anchor young people in the country and enables innovation and entrepreneurship. This means improvements in rule of law and countering corruption, as well as local and state governments that reliably provide services to the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina,” he said, adding that the international community “stands ready to help achieve this future if Bosnia and Herzegovina’s leaders take the action to realize it.”

He encouraged Bosnia’s tripartite Presidency and party leaders to come together to “make real tangible progress on the steps needed to achieve EU candidate status.”

“By increasing accountability, improving governance and bringing its laws in line with European Court of Human Rights decisions, Bosnia and Herzegovina can finally achieve the future its citizens seek,” Palmer said.

“I encourage you to take part in this civic process, press for change, and hold your leaders accountable. Voice to them your hopes for the next 25 years,” he said.

Palmer argued that the institution of Bosnia’s international administrator, the Office of the High Representative (OHR) who is tasked with overseeing the civilian implementation of the 1995 agreement, has “played a vital role in enhancing stability, functionality and the institutional capacity needed for Bosnia and Herzegovina to take its place in the Euro Atlantic community.”

“OHR continues to play a key role in monitoring and facilitating the implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement so that the country can continue to meet the established criteria to move gradually from international supervision,” Palmer added.

Source:  http://ba.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a494922/US-Special-Rep.-for-Western-Balkans-to-Bosnians-Hold-your-leaders-accountable.html

US Professor David Pettigrew on the “tragic” legacy of Dayton Peace Agreement


December 13, 2020

Analyzing the legacy of the Dayton Peace Agreement signed 25 years ago, a U.S. scholar reminded on Sunday that the negotiators were also Serbia and Croatia, countries that orchestrated the aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina and that later kept undermining the agreement, suggesting steps that should be made to fix this.

Dr. David Pettigrew, Professor of Philosophy at Southern Connecticut State University (SCSU) and member of the Steering Committee of the Yale University Genocide Studies Program said at a session of the Circle 99, a weekly meeting of Bosnia’s intellectuals in Sarajevo, that rulings of the war crimes court in The Hague have identified Serbian and Croatian citizens who have participated in the joint criminal enterprise responsible for the aggression.

Some of the participants were later indicted or convicted of genocide, he said, naming Slobodan Milosevic, who was indicted or his role in the execution of the “Greater Serbia” plan, and Zdravko Tolimir and Momcilo Krajisnik who were convicted of war crimes, including genocide.                                              

On the Croatian side, Pettigrew reminded that in Bosnian Croat Jadranko Prlic’s ruling, the court included Croatian citizens whose goal was to permanently remove the Muslim population from Herzeg-Bosnia, a part of the country that Croatia supported in its efforts to secede.                                             

“Despite the fact that they were finally linked to joint criminal enterprises, both (former President Franjo) Tudjman from Croatia and Milosevic from Serbia have in 1995 signed the Dayton agreement,” he said.     

“Therefore, the problematic composition of the negotiating team could have hinted at serious limitations of this exceptionally poor peace agreement. We should not be surprised about the fact that in the years following the Dayton agreement, Croatia and Serbia have tried to undermine Bosnia and Herzegovina as a sovereign state,” he added.                                         

Pettigrew argued that those two countries did this by encouraging separatistic initiatives of Herzeg-Bosnia and Bosnia’s semi-autonomous Republika Srpska (RS) entity, this way pursuing their wartime territorial aspirations and their nationalistic and anti-Muslim propaganda. The professor identified Republika Srpska as an internal source of destabilisation.                                         

"The founders of Republika Srpska have conducted aggression against the civilian population of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 until 1995. Despite their genocidal crimes, the Bosnian Serbs were ‘rewarded’ with a recognition of Republika Srpska which was legalized as an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina - an entity that would over the next 25 years undermine the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina,” Pettigrew said.                                                  

He blamed the RS authorities for preventing refugees from returning with threats, genocide denial and glorification of war criminals in order to maintain ethnic homogenization.                                           

Pettigrew mentioned monuments that have been erected to glorify war criminals and plaques honouring people like Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic.                                        

"For the perpetrators, these monuments have the effect of a colonization of the cultural landscape with a revisionist narrative, a narrative that influences the next generation, which can be observed in the statements of the new Banja Luka mayor, Drasko Stanivukovic, who is denying the genocide and rejects the rulings of the Hague tribunal,” the Professor said.                                        

Meanwhile, Bosnian Serb leader Milorad Dodik is undermining the existence of Bosnia and Herzegovina with his rejections of the state court, his threats with secession, and his ridiculing of Bosnia’s international administrator, he said.                                                

“The Republika Srpska leadership is trying to prevent Bosnia and Herzegovina from functioning as a state, is undermining any hope for restorative justice that could lead towards reconciliation through its genocide denial and its glorification of convicted war criminals. That too is a part of the Dayton agreement's tragic legacy,” he said.                                       

The agreement is a testimony to the failure of the international community to recognize and end a genocide which developed from 1992 until 1995, the failure to achieve a just peace in Dayton, and the failure to support the building of a state of Bosnia and Herzegovina over the past 25 years, Pettigrew concluded.                                             

The international community should face this tragic legacy, he said, and have the international administrator use his sweeping powers to impose a law that would ban the glorification of war criminals and the denial of genocide, the Professor suggested.                                           

“This would be important for the survivors who are being traumatized by these threatening and dehumanizing acts,” he said.                                         

“Genocide denial is an act of hatred and discrimination because it plays down and justifies barbaric crimes a target group has survived. Not only does it play down the crimes but also the suffering, so that the denial carries with it the threat of a repetition of the crime,” Pettigrew explained.

Bosnia's international administrator should also with this law allow the survivors to erect their monuments on sites where the crimes were committed, such as the concentration camps Trnopolje, Omarska, and the city of Visegrad, all places where local Serb authorities have banned such plaques. Monuments glorifying war criminals should be removed, he said.  

The power of the international administrator should be used to reform the election law so that it allows those who were removed by a genocide and their children to vote in municipalities they were expelled from and the international community should confront the destabilization efforts and threats of secession, he suggested.  

The EU and NATO should create a shortcut for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s accession and all of those steps together should be priorities in order to solve the tragic legacy of Dayton and “support the building of a state which is late but which would ensure a framework for constitutional changes and a better future for the next generation of Bosnia and Herzegovina,” he said.

Source:  http://ba.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a494912/US-Professor-David-Pettigrew-on-the-tragic-legacy-of-Dayton-Peace-Agreement.html


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